Human Trafficking

Human Trafficking
Annotated Bibliography
Aronowitz, A. (2009). Human Trafficking, Human Misery:The Global Trade in Human Beings. Greenwood Publishing Group.
According to the United Nations, human trafficking is defined as, “The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons by means of :” coercion, fraud, abduction, deception.
Financial Crisis and Human Trafficking in Persons Report 2009: U.S Department of State retrieved from
The report by United States department of State provides evidence that human trafficking truly has serious negative effects on the economy and cannot be ignored. The report begins by highlighting that human trafficking brings about global financial crisis.
M’Cormack, F. (2011) The Impact of Human Trafficking on people and countries: Governance and Social Development Resource Centre
Human trafficking has also has serious impact on the American culture, it is actually associated with the rise of African American culture which currently takes the second largest cultural group in the United States. According to M’Cormack, slaves were denied the right to communicate with each other, which is an essential tool in retaining cultural attributes.
Lockard, J. (2011) The effect of Slavery on the American People: Antislavery Literature
Lockard just like many other great writers also argues that the culture of the American People was greatly influenced by slavery. As a result of these change and approach to cultural activities the initial Africa culture was changed to include these changes and known as the Africa American culture.
UN. GIFT (2008). An Introduction to Human Trafficking: Vulnerability Impact and Action. New York.
The United Nation’s Office on Drugs and Crime, describes a number of impacts that human trafficking has had on the social as well as legal aspects of the lives of those involved, either as perpetrators or victims, as well as on law enforcement agencies. UN.GIFT (United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking) also describes the social impacts of human trafficking, as being amongst others, torture, both emotional and physical, which may then lead to emotional and psychological torture.
Shahkti Vahini (n.d). Human Trafficking. Retrieved from
When it comes to the rule of law, human trafficking has always served to stimulate the passage of laws aimed at curbing the practice. For instance, when it came to slave trade, a number of countries have over the years passed laws that make engaging in slave trade illegal, in most cases due to the conflicts that arose as a result of the early slave trade. In fact, within the United states, the thirteenth amendment came about as a direct consequence of slavery in the United States, this followed the passage of the slave trade act in 1807.
Young, R. (2009). Data on Human Trafficking a Consideration of Approaches.
Young presents a unique political effect of human trafficking, as she suggests that it does not always elicit the expected reaction from the political elite, especially within local politics. She claims that labor practices, migrant documentation as well as the commercial sex industry serve to complicate the political reactions of most politicians, especially when there are tangible benefits for them.

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