What is Bribery………………..
Over the years there has been a global concern regarding the issue of corruption. It has been appearing in the news headlines, for different countries over and over again. It touches politicians, government officials, business people and ordinary citizens. Corruption can take many dimensions and the most common form of corruption the world over is bribery. Bribery is a form of corruption where an individual’s actions are influenced by another person either by giving him money or through a favor .The favor or money which is given to influence someone actions is called a bribe. A bribe is always given to people who have some authoritative influence in certain companies, governments or issues. The decision of the person who receives the bribe will always be in favor of the person who offers him or her bribe. Bribery which is the act of giving and receiving a bribe has been used by different people for different reasons.
Reasons for bribery
Bribery can occur due to various reasons depending on the intention and motives of the parties involved. In most cases people do engage in bribery in order to achieve specific goals and objectives which they need during their lifetime (Jennifer & Sonia, 2011). The goals might differ from one individual to another. For example a person may need to offer a bribe so as to get employment in certain organization, to be promoted in his or her work place, to receive some business deals, to steal or even to kill a person. The list might be endless but to summarize it all, bribery always result to a crime in any given society. Bribery is therefore a common practice due to the endless motives which leads to its practice.
Cases of bribery
Bribery is a common and familiar practice all the over the world. Bribery can happen in every part of any country worldwide. Almost all countries the word over has reported cases of bribery at some point. The most common places where bribery is practiced the world over is in the government and political institutions (Bhojwani, 2012). This might be attributed to the leadership within the government institutions which in most cases is achieved through political means rather than through qualification and competency. Bribery can also be found in various organizations and institutions. In organizations and institutions people normally gives bribes in order to acquire employment or to get promotions. It is also worse to mention that some of the bribery cases have been reported in academic institutions where students give bribes to their lecturers in order to attain better grades; this will eventually erodes the quality of education. Individuals can also engage in bribery based on their personal needs. An individual might have a personal objective to achieve, though he or she may not be having the necessary means to achieve the objective. In such instances the person might attempt to achieve the desired objective through corrupt means. Bribes are also common in places of businesses, a businessman might engage in bribery in order to acquire some business deals and connections.
Bribery is a form of corruption which usually involves the use of a criminal means by an individual to achieve a certain thing which he or she desire. Since it involves the use of a criminal means, all the parties who are engaged in the bribery act should be held responsible in equal measure. In countries where bribery is illegal and punishable, both the person who gives and receives the bribe should be treated as criminals equally and punished accordingly. Again government regulations as well as business and community collaboration have important roles to play towards ethics and integrity in any economy (Lawrence, & Weber, 2011). Their responsibility in any economy can help fight bribery hence encourage the development of successful businesses.
Bhojwani, R (2012). Deterring global bribery: Where public and private enforcement
collide.112 (1), 66-111.
Jennifer, H, Sonia, L (2011). Is bribery really regressive? Bribery Costs, Benefits, and
Mechanism. In the world development. Rutgers University, NJ, USA
Lawrence, A & Weber, J (2011). Business and society: stakeholders, ethics, public policy.
Thirteen ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Irvin.
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