Food Diary Project
Dietary Recommended Intakes (DRI) are reference values that are quantitative estimates of nutrients that are quantitative estimates of nutrient estimates implemented for planning for planning and assessing diets for healthy individuals. It mainly constitutes of the Recommended Dietary Intakes (RDI) and Tolerable Upper Intake Level (ULs) as reference values. However, these reference values are based on data often from drawn studies that have limitations in addressing different queries. Hence scientific as well as nutritional knowledge is a vital element in formulating the reference values. The process of setting up RDA is reliant on the ability to set up an Estimated Average Requirement (EAR). EAR is the daily intake value of a nutrient that is estimated to meet the nutrient requirement of a healthy individual in a particular age group or gender.
In the calculation for the RDA of the taken during the Monday, Tuesday and Sunday, the results depicted the intake of a larger amount of nutrient than recommended using the given RDA. However, sparkpeople and fitday depicted different measures of the RDA though the overall intake was similar.
From fitday, fat intake is estimated 31.3 g per day. According to the recommended RDA, the required value of fat is approximately 20-30%. With this, the intake of fat is higher than the recommended estimates, thus cases of atherosclerosis are bound to happen due to the higher levels of fats as the fat deposits known as plaques clog up the blood vessels limiting the passage of blood to the heart causing heart failure. Narrowing of the blood vessels may also limit the amount of oxygen transported to the brain hence leading to stroke. Recommendation would be to reduce fat intake by therefore taking low cholesterol food accompanied with a lot of fruits and vegetable.
The Carbohydrate intake is 110g per day. The recommended intake for carbohydrates is 130 kcal per day. This depicts the low energy requirement in the body therefore leading to protein breakdown as well as the breakdown of fats. This will inhibit the body building process by implemented by the proteins as well as the insulating factors implemented by the fats. Ketosis may arise due to the breakdown of proteins increasing the pH of blood resulting to acidosis. This may result to high blood pressure that finally may result to stroke.
Protein intake was calculated to be 69.7 g per day. This means that the intake of protein was higher that the recommended intake. With this intake, the excess protein is broken down to form glucose which is then stored in the body to provide energy when glucose levels have decreased. High protein in the diet leads to mainly different types of allergies as well as skin allergies. Therefore, there should be a slight decrease in the protein intake.
From the sparkpeople, the calculation depicted different values. The amount of sodium found in the diet was 177.2mg. This is a very low amount of sodium when compared to the recommended amount of 2300mg. With this low amount of sodium, deficiency is bound to happen leading to low nerve impulse, contraction and relaxation of the muscle and an imbalance in body fluid balance. This leads to tetany or rigor due to the constant contraction of the muscles therefore to bring the sodium level to balance; intake of table salt should be recommended in foods.
Potassium intake was found to be 1213mg as compared to the required 4700mg per day. This depicts a high deficiency in the intake of potassium leading to hormone imbalance as well s the constant contraction of the muscles. Fiber intake was found to be 6.1 as compared to the recommended 38g per day. This meant case of constipation is bound to happen as well s diverticulitis and hemorrhoids. Therefore intake kales, cabbages, pumpkin as well as enough water should be recommended to as to enhance peristalsis as well as increase the passage of stool reducing cases of anal pouching.